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A revolutionary coffee pod that does away with capsules

 A revolutionary coffee pod that does away with capsules?

BIODEGRADABLE The pod would be surrounded by a biodegradable membrane



A revolutionary coffee pod that does away with capsules
It could be a real “revolution”, according to the distribution giant. Migros must present a coffee pod only surrounded by a biodegradable membrane, which would make it possible to do without capsules, believes the Swiss daily SonntagsZeitung.

Migros will present under the CoffeeB brand a ball of ground and pressed coffee, surrounded by a thin membrane, which completely eliminates metal or plastic capsules, according to the Sunday newspaper. The coffee ball - an individual dose - is deposited by the user in a specially designed coffee machine and once used it is 100% compostable, including the membrane, explains the newspaper which relies on patents filed by Delica, a subsidiary of Migros.

A new way of sustainable coffee consumption

The group invited the press on Tuesday in Zurich, in the presence of Fabrice Zumbrunnen, the general manager of the distribution group. The invitation evokes “the launch of a breakthrough innovation, destined to become a new way of sustainable coffee consumption”.

With this innovation, “Migros has found a solution to a double problem: the current aluminum or plastic capsules are very energy-intensive to manufacture and they are the source of enormous quantities of waste”, underlines the newspaper. According to the latter, the Delica teams worked for five years at their Birsfelden site near Basel to develop this new product. If CoffeeB appeals to consumers, it will compete directly with that of another Swiss giant, the Nespresso capsules from the NestlĂ© group.

Health Benefits and Disadvantages of coffee

Coffee comes in several forms: in beans, soluble, in capsules, there is something for everyone.

We will discover the advantages and disadvantages of the most consumed drink in the world.

Health Benefits and Disadvantages of coffee

Caffeine, a stimulant

 Caffeine is a stimulant and acts on the entire central nervous system. Daily, it is recommended not to exceed 400 milligrams of caffeine, which corresponds to four cups of filter coffee or six espressos.

Caffeine increases alertness and concentration.

Thus, it gives an energy boost. After its absorption by the digestive tract, it quickly reaches the brain. There, caffeine blocks the receptors of a substance responsible for soothing the nervous system. As a result, it does not let the brain rest and increases alertness. Hence the fight against drowsiness.

Some athletes are also coffee lovers. By stimulating the nervous system, caffeine improves alertness during sports practice and delays the onset of the feeling of fatigue. A benefit for athletes! Be careful of overdosing so as not to have the negative effects of excessive consumption and choose a coffee without sugar.

Coffee, is an ally against migraine

Coffee is also an ally against migraine thanks to its vasoconstrictor effect, some people also notice that coffee can reduce the pain of a migraine.

Against Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease

In addition, for those who respect the dose of two to three cups a day, coffee reduces the risk of the onset of Parkinson's disease. Studies have also shown that caffeine can protect neurons and impact different brain mechanisms responsible for the development of Alzheimer's disease.

What impact for type 2 diabetes?

Coffee could also have a role to play against the onset of type 2 diabetes. High consumption would reduce the risk. Thus, a meta-analysis of 200,000 people found that drinking six cups a day reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by 35%. For the moment, the mechanism of action has not been identified nor the link of cause and effect.

Coffee, an ally against cholesterol?

In February 2022, a Canadian study looked at the role that coffee plays in the fight against cardiovascular disease. Researchers assure that two to three cups of coffee a day contain enough caffeine to trigger a biochemical reaction that leads to a decrease in LDL cholesterol levels in the blood. In 2013, a meta-analysis showed that those who drank three to five cups of coffee a day had a 15% lower risk of cardiovascular disease.

Coffee, is good for the heart but with caution

Regarding the benefits of coffee for coffee, the studies do not follow but are not always alike. In August 2021, a study presented at the annual meeting of the European Society of Cardiology, found those who drank up to three cups a day decreased the risk of death from heart disease, stroke, and premature death. A confirmed benefit in people without a diagnosis of heart disease. According to this study, the risk of death from cardiovascular disease is reduced by 17% and that of stroke by 21%.

So, drink coffee but in moderation. In September 2021, a study warned heavy drinkers. According to work by researchers at the University of South Australia, starting with six cups of coffee a day increases the risk of heart disease.

What impact on the appearance of cancers? What effect?

In February 2022, an English study assured that drinking three coffees a day could reduce the risk of mortality by 15% if the coffee is ground. The risk is even reduced by 25% for those who drink less than three cups. What about other types of coffee? Regarding decaffeinated coffee, more than three cups a day reduced mortality by 17%. These results, therefore, prove that the benefits of coffee are not only in the caffeine, further studies are needed to further explain the mechanisms of action and understand where the benefits come from.

No effect was seen for instant coffee drinkers. Instant coffee contains more caffeine and antioxidants than ground coffee, but it also contains twice as much acrylamide, which is neurotoxic and carcinogenic. This same study found a benefit against liver cancer. A downside, it is important to monitor the temperature of the coffee. Indeed, drinking too hot coffee could increase the risk of developing esophageal cancer.

A vitamin bomb

Coffee is an important source of soluble dietary fiber (19.8 grams per 100 grams of ground coffee). In addition, vitamin B3 (15 milligrams per 100 grams of ground coffee) contained in coffee is involved in the nervous system and the skin. Phosphorus (160 milligrams per 100 grams of ground coffee), is also present in coffee.

What are the contraindications of coffee and its side effects?

Coffee is not recommended for some people. Indeed, pregnant women should not abuse it. According to the World Health Organization, pregnant women should consume no more than 300 mg of caffeine per day or about 3 cups of filtered coffee.

While coffee can have many health benefits, excessive consumption will have the opposite effect. Too much coffee – and therefore caffeine – disrupts concentration. But it all depends on individual sensitivity. Too much coffee can cause loss of alertness, difficulty concentrating, increased blood pressure, and increased heart rate. Also, be careful, the caffeine contained in coffee is added to that present in other needs such as sodas, energy drinks, and tea.

Good to know :

Not all coffees have the same caffeine content. The one that contains the most is unsurprisingly espresso with more than 100 mg of caffeine. In a 235 ml cup of filter coffee, there is between 90 and 200 mg of caffeine. An instant coffee of the same capacity contains between 25 and 175 mg of caffeine.
The longer the contact between coffee and water, the more caffeine the drink contains.


The most appreciated and famous types of coffee beans

 Brewing your coffee has many benefits. You'll save money on your monthly coffee purchases, especially if there are multiple cups a day. You will also have more control over the flavor you choose.You need to determine which coffee beans the best suit your particular taste. We will look at the best varieties of coffee beans. We will focus on the characteristics of each type and the flavor you can extract from it.

The most appreciated and famous types of coffee beans

Arabica

This variety of beans is probably something you've been using for a while if you've been brewing coffee for a while. It is the most popular type of coffee bean, and it accounts for more than half of all cups of coffee in the world.

To grow the Arabica tree needs plenty of sunshine and regular rainfall. They can thrive at higher elevations and are low maintenance. These trees are easy to harvest and prune as they typically reach six feet in height.

Arabicas are very meticulous about their environment. They won't thrive if they don't get the right environment to grow in and can easily get sick. It is a bad idea for Arabian trees to be grown close together as the disease can spread quickly from tree to tree.

What flavors can you get from arabica beans?

All of its flavors will remain intact if served hot. The perfect amount of acidity will be achieved and you will also detect fruity undertones. It has an overall mild and slightly sweet flavor.

Liberica

Because Liberica is not as well known today as Arabica, it is hard to find these days. In the 1890s, Liberica was temporarily overtaken by Arabica as the favorite coffee bean variety due to a disease that nearly decimated the former's population. That all changed when Arabica was reintroduced as the top choice for coffee beans years later. This has led to a decrease in the number of Liberica tree plantations.

Due to their unusual and asymmetrical shapes, Liberica beans stand out from all other varieties. These beans are known for their strong, earthy flavor. This bean, like Arabica, also has distinct fruity undertones and a slightly charred flavor.

Robusta

In terms of popularity, the Robusta coffee bean is second. But that’s not where the similarities with Arabica end. Robusta trees are not susceptible to environmental conditions and are resistant to many of the same diseases as Arabica. Although they can thrive at low and high elevations, they need warmer temperatures to grow well. Their high levels of caffeine are the key to their remarkable disease resistance. They contain twice as much caffeine as Arabica.

If this variety is grown in the right climate, you should get a full-bodied, richer-tasting coffee. It will have a softer texture, less acidity, and more chocolate undertones. While it's okay to use Robusta beans to brew black coffee, coffee connoisseurs believe Robusta beans taste best when infused with cream, sugar, and milk. These additives do not alter the original flavor.

Robusta is a great choice if you like cream and sugar.

These flavors may not be apparent if you are unable to detect them.

Excelsa

Excelsa is the only coffee bean that closely resembles Liberica. Both types are the same species. This is because they are very different in taste. Excelsa is a mixture of different tones. This coffee has a combination of sweet and fruity flavors, with hints of darker notes. This gives a unique cup of coffee every time.

Racemosa

The most appreciated and famous types of coffee beans

Coffea racemosa is a lesser-known variety, similar to Arabica. It is grown in the coastal strip of South Africa and Mozambique. Adapted to the local climate, it is drought resistant and also grows on sandy soils. Racemosa has a low caffeine content, less than half of Arabica and a quarter of Robusta. The coffee produced is very fragrant.

It may be worth researching the beans you buy if you plan to make your coffee. You will be able to identify the types of flavors you can expect from each coffee bean. Knowing the requirements of growing coffee beans will help you determine if you are getting a high-quality product.


The secrets to making a latte macchiato coffee like in Italy

Latte macchiato, which means stained milk in Italian, is a kind of alternative to cappuccino. It is made with hot whole milk, creamy foam and coffee. The result is magical, superimposed layers giving rise to a color gradient that calls for gluttony.

The secrets to making a latte macchiato coffee like in Italy

How to prepare latte macchiato coffee at home?

Number of persons

4 PEOPLE

The secrets to making a latte macchiato coffee like in ItalyPreparation time

10 MINUTES

Cooking time

5 MINUTES.

Difficulty

Easy

Price

Cheap

INGREDIENTS

 33 cl of milk

15 cl of coffee

3 tablespoons chocolate powder

1 sachet of vanilla sugar

PREPARATION

The secrets to making a latte macchiato coffee like in Italy

Heat your milk and turn it off before it boils.

Meanwhile prepare your coffee as normal.

Pour the packet of vanilla sugar into your milk and stir well to dissolve the sugar. do the same with the chocolate.

Pour the milk into your glasses and using an electric whisk, create a froth.

Your coffee being ready you can add it to each of the glasses, the goal being that it goes below the foam. If this seems too complicated, feel free to do the opposite (first the coffee then the frothed milk).



History of Coffee

It's been more than 4 centuries since coffee arrived in Europe. This energy drink has quickly been appreciated over time, both for its properties and for its social character. We gladly share a coffee while discussing, and this, since always. And it is probably this aspect, linked to sharing and exchange, that has sometimes made it controversial...

History of Coffee

These small grains, so innocuous for us today, have long been at the heart of the controversy, and bans, sometimes even leading to revolts throughout history, both in their country of origin and in France. It was only after a long journey, historical and geographical, that coffee became the drink we know today.

How did these coffee “cherries” from Ethiopia spread around the world to give one of the most consumed products in the world today? How have simple coffee beans managed to endanger kings and emperors throughout history, from the Arab world to Europe?

THE DISCOVERY OF COFFEE

History of Coffee

The legend says that it is to a shepherd of Abyssinia (now Ethiopia) that we owe the discovery of coffee. It was when he saw that his goats were more agitated than usual after having ingested the fruits of a shrub that he decided to try to consume some himself. He is therefore the first to have noticed the energizing effect of the caffeine contained in the cherries of the arabica coffee plants.

He then shared his discovery with the local Sufi community. The latter made a decoction of it in water, which they quickly appreciated because it allowed them not to fall asleep during prayer.

Despite the beauty of legends, science tends to rationalize the facts to bring out the truth. This is how a biological study revealed the origin of coffee. 

As for the first written trace relating to coffee, it dates from the 9th century, in a medical work, which will then be taken up by Avicenna, a Persian doctor, and philosopher, who will quote it in the "Canon of medicine" written in the 11th century. century. He describes the effects of coffee and caffeine on the body, more particularly on the digestive system.

Over the following centuries, coffee would cross the borders of the countries of the Orient, thanks in particular to travelers on pilgrimage to Mecca. They took with them the precious grains giving them energy for their long journey. The spread then took place towards Yemen and the rest of the Arab world, making the plant ever more popular and appreciated.

THE BEGINNINGS OF COFFEE CULTURE

History of Coffee

Scientific research attests to the fact that it was in Yemen that the cultivation of coffee trees began. At the time of Suleiman the Magnificent, sultan of the Ottoman Empire who reigned over much of the Mediterranean basin and central Europe, the domestication and cultivation of coffee began.

Mastering the production of the plant as well as the roasting of the beans, the Ottoman people consumed coffee in a common way. Over the course of the conquests made by this Sultan during the 15th century, consumption, therefore, began to spread in the various annexed countries, making this beverage increasingly popular, well beyond the borders of Ethiopia and Yemen.

It was then in Moka that most of the trading took place at the time. It is in this port that most of the coffee destined for trade is transited to other countries.

COFFEE, A CONTROVERSIAL DRINK


History of Coffee

It was in the 16th century that the first coffees began to emerge in Egypt and the region around Mecca. People came there to drink the famous beverage, chat, and exchange ideas, all surrounded by people from all walks of life. It was at the same time that for the first time in history a leader questioned the right to consume coffee. As the Quran says, any intoxicating substance is forbidden for consumption. It was the Sultan of Cairo who lifted this ban with the backing of medical arguments, and asserted that the consumption of coffee was perfectly in keeping with the laws enacted by Allah himself!

A similar episode took place when cafes opened in Syria, attracting scientists, scholars, and scholars of the time. Despite the bans, the controversial drink continued to be drunk and enjoyed by more and more consumers across the Arab world.

Under the guise of non-compliance with religious laws, the authorities feared the birth of bubbles of protest in cafes .They exchanged ideas, ways of thinking, sometimes questioning the established power. The energizing preparation exacerbated the scholars, leading them to share their doubts, and giving rise to new currents of thought. As often, the novelty frightens the authorities! The coffee bean therefore alone represented defiance of authority and the possibility of questioning the very order of society or the religion in place.

However, at that time, we began to find more and more places offering coffee in Baghdad, Istanbul, Damascus, as well as in many cities of the Arab world. Nothing stopped its expansion and distribution, not even religious and political authorities.

THE ARRIVAL OF COFFEE IN EUROPE


History of Coffee

It was Italian traders, specializing in the spice trade between the East and Europe, who first introduced coffee to Europe. It was at the beginning of the 17th century that the first coffee beans were taken to Italy. Only a few years later, the famous drink began to spread, first among monks and traders, then among the people. The entourage of the pope at the time, Clement VIII, advised him to ban coffee, declaring it an infidel's drink. Coming from Muslim countries, the cardinals surrounding the Holy Father took a dim view of the fact that this drink was introduced on the other side of the Mediterranean. The latter did nothing. After tasting it, he declared that it would have been a shame to leave the pleasure of this drink to the infidels alone!

Dutch merchants also allowed the famous grains to travel. At the time, Ottoman traders scalded coffee beans so that they could not germinate. However, Pieter Van der Broecke, captain of a Dutch merchant ship managed to obtain some intact seeds. They are the ones that were used to introduce plantations in Europe, Asia, and the West Indies!

In parallel, in the middle of the 17th century, cafes began to open in England. Once again, intellectuals and free thinkers met there to exchange and discuss. It did not take more for the prosecutor of King Charles II to declare the mandatory closure of these places, where liberal ideas and pamphlets were widely shared among the protesters of the time. Faced with the revolt of the people, the ban will be quickly lifted, and only 50 years later England had nearly 2000 cafes spread throughout the British territory.

In France, it was in Marseille that coffee was introduced to the territory. Imported from Egypt on the initiative of a merchant from Marseilles in 1644, consumption quickly became popular, enough for the first French coffee to see the light of day in Marseilles city in 1671. It was not until 1669 that the precious roasted beans arrived in Paris, with the visit of Soliman Aga, emissary of the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Besides the fact that the attempt to bring France and Turkey together was a fiasco, Soliman allowed King Louis XIV to taste the beverage that was gradually spreading in the courts of Europe.

Did you know? It is in France that for the first time percolation will be used for the preparation of coffee. Until then, only the infusion allowed the preparation of the grains.

In 1715, it was the mayor of Amsterdam who offered a few coffee trees to Louis XIV when he signed the “coffee treaty”. The latter hastened to entrust them to the gardeners of the Jardin du Roi, who took the greatest care of them. This is how a few years later, under the reign of Louis XV, plants will be introduced to Reunion, to Bourbon, thus allowing France to become autonomous by possessing its plantations. It is then in Martinique and then in Guadeloupe that coffee trees will be introduced to guarantee the production necessary for the French kingdom.

Meanwhile, Austria and Germany had also succumbed to the pleasure of coffee. Establishments offering the now famous drink were born there from the end of the 17th century. It was following the route of the Turkish army that the Viennese tasted coffee, thanks to the discovery of a stock of green cherries left behind. It was a Pole who took advantage of this windfall and opened the first Viennese establishment.

The logical continuation of this expansion was to take coffee across the Atlantic, to America.

THE INTRODUCTION OF COFFEE TO THE REST OF THE WORLD


History of Coffee

First, coffee reached North America in 1689. Although largely populated by tea-loving English immigrants, the country quickly made it the national drink. The episode of the Boston Tea Party, during which the stocks of English tea were sunk by the North American inhabitants marked a real split with the British crown, which drew an undeniable economic advantage from the taxes collected thanks to tea exports. It was then coffee that supplanted English tea.

Over time, to meet European demand, coffee was introduced to South America, Brazil and Colombia in particular, where cultivation would represent a significant part of the income from the land. Unfortunately, it is thanks to slavery that production will be ensured, benefiting only the owners of huge farms worked by slaves.

At the same time, coffee trees were taken to India, then a British colony, to ensure the establishment of sufficient plantations to ensure the consumption of the British Empire. Unfortunately, all the plantations suffered from a disease, which had to be replaced by tea, which was more resistant to local conditions.

The Dutch crown planted its crops in its colonies in Indonesia.

Today, all of the production comes from countries whose latitude allows the cultivation of coffee. We talk about the “coffee belt”. Thus, we find them in Central America for example (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras, etc…), in South America (Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, Peru, etc…), in Africa (Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, etc…), as well as in Asia (Vietnam, Indonesia, etc…). Given the conditions necessary for the conservation of plantations, it is in countries where the flora is tropical that the coffea shrub is generally cultivated. Although robusta and arabica do not require the same configurations to grow, it is nevertheless necessary that the temperatures are favorable for the plants of the two species to grow properly.

COFFEE TODAY

Even if it is the arabica variety which has long dominated the whole of world consumption, robusta has come to modify the habits of consumers, allowing them to choose between a full-bodied coffee loaded with caffeine (robusta) and a more aromatic and less bitter (arabica). Many brands offer blends to help mitigate the effect of one, or accentuate the bitterness of the other.